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    为什么这两年手术室净化工程在医院这么盛行?

    来源:http://www.sdkjjh.com 日期:2019-01-07 发布人:admin

    医院手术室部是对患者进行手术医治的重要场所,手术质量的高低往往反映了一家医院的医治水平。故人们对手术室的洁净度愈发注重

    Operating room is an important place for patients to be operated on. The quality of operation often reflects the level of treatment in a hospital. Therefore, people pay more attention to the cleanliness of the operating room.
    术部洁净度是对手术成功的重要保障,要树立严厉的无菌观念,注重手术中无菌技术操作,防止手术感染。手术后一旦发作感染,将会形成的结果,许多医院为了防止相似状况的发作,因此不得不加强对患者抗生素的用量,实际上这种办法对患者的损伤很大,目前国家也在立法经过行政手法来操控抗生素的用量。所以对手术中各个环节的无菌操控越来越受到各家医院的注重
    The cleanliness of the operation Department is an important guarantee for the success of the operation. We should establish strict aseptic concept, pay attention to aseptic operation and prevent surgical infection. Once the infection occurs after the operation, the result will be formed. Many hospitals have to strengthen the use of antibiotics for patients in order to prevent similar conditions. In fact, this method is very harmful to patients. At present, the state is also legislating through administrative means to control the use of antibiotics. So more and more hospitals pay attention to aseptic manipulation of every link in operation.
    ① 外因感染:首要,因为触摸灭菌不良地手术器械、麻醉器械、手术,巾和洗手用水形成感染;其次,因为管理不善手术室发生负压,污染的外气渗入形成的污染或送风过滤不善形成感染;第三,是医护人员得服装、皮肤、呼吸、飞沫等带给手术室空气地悬浮菌、落下菌、飞沫核等与患者触摸形成感染② 内因感染:患者的自我感染

    空气净化工程

    (1) External causes of infection: first, because of poor touch sterilization of surgical instruments, anesthetic instruments, operations, towels and hand washing water to form infection; second, because of poor management of the operating room negative pressure, pollution caused by the infiltration of polluted air or poor air supply filtration to form infection; third, medical personnel have clothing, skin, breathing, droplets and other air to bring suspended bacteria, droplets to the operating room air. Dropping bacteria, droplets nucleus and other infections caused by patients'touch. (2) Endogenous infections: patients' self-infection
    层流净化手术室的风量、温度和湿度
    Air flow, temperature and humidity in laminar flow cleaning operating room
    依据2002年我国“医院洁净手术部修建技术规范”规则
    According to "Technical Specification for Construction of Clean Surgery Department of Hospital" in 2002
    Ⅰ级洁净手术室的单向流断面风速为0.2-0.3m/s;
    The wind speed of one-way flow section is 0.2-0.3m/s in Class I clean operating room.
    Ⅱ级洁净手术室的换气次数为30-36次/h;
    The ventilation times in class II clean operating room were 30-36 times per hour.
    Ⅲ级洁净手术室的换气次数为18-22次/h,级洁净手术室的换气次数为12-15次
    The ventilation times in grade III clean operating room are 18-22 times/h and 12-15 times in grade III clean operating room.
    手术室内相对湿度(%)应在40-60之间,手术室内温度在22-25之间最佳,因在这个范围内细菌不容易繁衍。
    Relative humidity (%) in the operating room should be between 40 and 60, and the temperature in the operating room should be between 22 and 25, because bacteria are not easy to multiply in this range.
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    We sincerely provide you with information about air purification project. If you have better suggestions and ideas, please visit our website http://www.sdkjh.com for feedback. Thank you for your participation!

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